Please review the slideshow below entitled What is Effective Decision Making. When you have completed your review, scroll down to click the CONTINUE or NEXT LESSON button at the bottom of the page to proceed to the next lesson.
INSTRUCTIONS: Click on the image below to view the slides. Please be sure to view all eighteen (18) slides. You can then click on the X in the top right corner of the presentation or press escape to return to this page.(If you would prefer to download the slideshow as a pdf , click here.)
INSTRUCTIONS: Click on the image below to view the slides (mobile version). Please be sure to scroll through and view all slides. You can then click on the X in the top right corner of the presentation or press escape to return to this page.(If you would prefer to download the slideshow as a pdf , click here.)
What is Effective Decision Making?
Scroll through the slides below to review the materials. You can also press the play button at the top of each slide to listen to an audio version of that slide.
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WHAT IS DECISION MAKING? It is characterized as the act of choosing between two or more courses of action. It must be remembered that there may not always be a "correct" decision among available choices.
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WHAT IS EFFECTIVE DECISION MAKING? Effective decision making involves using intuition and reasoning to structure an appropriate decision.
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7 STEPS OF THEDECISIONMAKINGPROCESS
01 IDENTIFY THE DECISION TO BE MADE
Ask yourself the following questions about the decision to be made. What is the problem that needs to be addressed?
What is the objective to be achieved?
How will this decision affect others?
How urgent or critical is this decision?
02 GATHER RELEVANT INFORMATION
What information do you need and how can you obtain it? This process usually involves both internal and external processes. Be careful not to become overwhelmed by too much information which can potentially complicate the decision-making process.
03 IDENTIFY ALTERNATIVES AND OPTIONS
Clearly identify each of the available options or alternatives. With relevant information at your fingertips, you will usually discover more than one option to consider in response to your decision. This step is for identifying ALL possible options.
04 WEIGH THE EVIDENCE
Evaluate each option against the alternatives. Weigh the evidence for each path or action, listing all of the pros and cons. Identify potential consequences for each option and weigh them against the potential benefits. Keep in mind how this decision will affect others.
05 CHOOSE AMONG THE OPTIONS
Make your decision by selecting one (or more) of the options you evaluated. Using the information you have gathered and based on your analysis of that information, you are now ready to choose the option that is best for you. You may also decide to pursue a combination of alternatives.
06 TAKE ACTION
Implement the actions associated with the option you selected. Develop a plan to carry out your chosen option and then do it! You are ready to move forward because you have equipped yourself with the necessary information to effectively make your decision.
07 REVIEW YOUR DECISION
Effective decision making works best when we analyze the results. Review your decision along with the implementation and outcome. Did you solve the problem? Were you able to answer the question? Did you meet your goals? Remember the things that worked and learn from your mistakes.
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FACTORS AFFECTING DECISIONS Your decisions can be affected by emotions, mood and visceral factors.
Emotions are intense and short-lived states that usually have a root cause (being angry at, or fearful of, something).
Moods involve low-intensity and relatively enduring states that do not have a clear cause (e.g. feeling good or feeling bad).
03 VISCERAL FACTORS
Physical factors such as pain, hunger or drug cravings are visceral factors that can affect decision making.
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PRACTICE MAKES PERFECTAs with sports and other physical activities (such as dancing and singing), the use of meaningful repitition is key to achieving an efficient level of good decision making.
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USE A CHECKLISTUse a decision making checklist (like the one that will be provided for you in Lesson 4). Repeatedly following this process over time can lead to more informed decision making, resulting in better decisions.
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ASK FOR HELPIt can be helpful to have the involvement and support of family and friends. Keeping an open line of communication to people who can support you in making good decisions can be integral to improving.